Людибиографии, истории, факты, фотографии

Эмиль Дюркгейм

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Emile Durkheim

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Фотография Эмиль Дюркгейм (photo Emile Durkheim)
   

День рождения: 15.04.1858 года
Возраст: 59 лет
Место рождения: Эпиналь, Франция
Дата смерти: 15.11.1917 года
Место смерти: Фонтенбло, Франция

Quotes of Emile Durkheim

Французский мыслитель, один из создателей социологии как самостоятельной науки, основоположник профессиональной социологии.

  • ⋅From top to bottom of the ladder, greed is aroused without knowing where to find ultimate foothold. Nothing can calm it, since its goal is far beyond all it can attain. Reality seems valueless by comparison with the dreams of fevered imaginations; reality is therefore abandoned. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅It is too great comfort which turns a man against himself. Life is most readily renounced at the time and among the classes where it is least harsh. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅The man whose whole activity is diverted to inner meditation becomes insensible to all his surroundings. If he loves, it is not to give himself, to blend in fecund union with another being, but to meditate on his love. His passions are mere appearances, being sterile. They are dissipated in futile imaginings, producing nothing external to themselves. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅It is a quite remarkable fact that the great religions of the most civilized peoples are more deeply fraught with sadness than the simpler beliefs of earlier societies. This certainly does not mean that the current of pessimism is eventually to submerge the other, but it proves that it does not lose ground and that it does not seem destined to disappear. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Too cheerful a morality is a loose morality; it is appropriate only to decadent peoples and is found only among them. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Man could not live if he were entirely impervious to sadness. Many sorrows can be endured only by being embraced, and the pleasure taken in them naturally has a somewhat melancholy character. So, melancholy is morbid only when it occupies too much place in life; but it is equally morbid for it to be wholly excluded from life. /Emile Durkheim
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  • ⋅A mind that questions everything, unless strong enough to bear the weight of its ignorance, risks questioning itself and being engulfed in doubt. If it cannot discover the claims to existence of the objects of its questioning -- and it would be miraculous if it so soon succeeded in solving so many mysteries -- it will deny them all reality, the mere formulation of the problem already implying an inclination to negative solutions. But in so doing it will become void of all positive content and, finding nothing which offers it resistance, will launch itself perforce into the emptiness of inner revere. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Each victim of suicide gives his act a personal stamp which expresses his temperament, the special conditions in which he is involved, and which, consequently, cannot be explained by the social and general causes of the phenomenon. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅While the State becomes inflated and hypertrophied in order to obtain a firm enough grip upon individuals, but without succeeding, the latter, without mutual relationships, tumble over one another like so many liquid molecules, encountering no central energy to retain, fix and organize them. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Sadness does not inhere in things; it does not reach us from the world and through mere contemplation of the world. It is a product of our own thought. We create it out of whole cloth. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅There is no society known where a more or less developed criminality is not found under different forms. No people exists whose morality is not daily infringed upon. We must therefore call crime necessary and declare that it cannot be non-existent, that the fundamental conditions of social organization, as they are understood, logically imply it. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Reality seems valueless by comparison with the dreams of fevered imaginations; reality is therefore abandoned. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Sadness does not inhere in things; it does not reach us from the world and through mere contemplation of the world. It is a product of our own thought. We create it out of whole cloth. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅One cannot long remain so absorbed in contemplation of emptiness without being increasingly attracted to it. In vain one bestows on it the name of infinity; this does not change its nature. When one feels such pleasure in non-existence, one's inclination can be completely satisfied only by completely ceasing to exist. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Man could not live if he were entirely impervious to sadness. Many sorrows can be endured only by being embraced, and the pleasure taken in them naturally has a somewhat melancholy character. So, melancholy is morbid only when it occupies too much place in life; but it is equally morbid for it to be wholly excluded from life. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Reality seems valueless by comparison with the dreams of fevered imaginations; reality is therefore abandoned. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Sadness does not inhere in things; it does not reach us from the world and through mere contemplation of the world. It is a product of our own thought. We create it out of whole cloth. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Each new generation is reared by its predecessor; the latter must therefore improve in order to improve its successor. The movement is circular. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅By definition, sacred beings are separated beings. That which characterizes them is that there is a break of continuity between them and the profane beings. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅A religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say, things set apart and forbidden-beliefs and practices which unite into one single moral community called a Church, all those who adhere to them. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Man could not live if he were entirely impervious to sadness. Many sorrows can be endured only by being embraced, and the pleasure taken in them naturally has a somewhat melancholy character. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅A social fact is every way of acting, fixed or not, capable of exercising on the individual an external constraint; or again, every way of acting which is general throughout a given society, while at the same time existing in its own right independent of its individual manifestations. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅An act cannot be defined by the end sought by the actor, for an identical system of behaviour may be adjustable to too many different ends without altering its nature. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Man is only a moral being because he lives in society, since morality consists in solidarity with the group, and varies according to that solidarity. Cause all social life to vanish, and moral life would vanish at the same time, having no object to cling to. /Emile Durkheim
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  • ⋅Society is not a mere sum of individuals. Rather, the system formed by their association represents a specific reality which has its own characteristics... The group thinks, feels, and acts quite differently from the way in which its members would were they isolated. If, then, we begin with the individual, we shall be able to understand nothing of what takes place in the group. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅The first and most fundamental rule is: Consider social facts as things. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Each victim of suicide gives his act a personal stamp which expresses his temperament, the special conditions in which he is involved, and which, consequently, cannot be explained by the social and general causes of the phenomenon. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Our excessive tolerance with regard to suicide is due to the fact that, since the state of mind from which it springs is a general one, we cannot condemn it without condemning ourselves; we are too saturated with it not partly to excuse it. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Man's characteristic privilege is that the bond he accepts is not physical but moral; that is, social. He is governed not by a material environment brutally imposed on him, but by a conscience superior to his own, the superiority of which he feels. Because the greater, better part of his existence transcends the body, he escapes the body's yoke, but is subject to that of society. /Emile Durkheim
  • ⋅Even one well-made observation will be enough in many cases, just as one well-constructed experiment often suffices for the establishment of a law. /Emile Durkheim




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